According to a Congressional Act of 1790, the agreement was a document required by each ship sailing for a foreign port, and for any vessel of 50 tons or more related to an inland port, with the exception of a ship in a neighbouring state. Fishermen who worked in the fishing industry also had to sign boat articles and were entitled to the same privileges and rules as seafarers. The document included the signatures of the master and each crew member (or his signature) and was considered a separate contract for each person undersigned. It provided legal evidence not only of the nature and duration of the trip, but also of the obligations to be fulfilled and the wages due. A copy of the items authenticated by the collector was to be taken on board by the master and should, if necessary, be presented to any consul or commercial agent with whom a complaint has been filed. Since a new contract was required for each trip (and they were not recalled by customs), these documents are often present in maritime collections. They are one of the most valuable and extensive sources of research and provide important information on a wide range of maritime issues. According to MS Act 1958, the master of every Indian vessel, with the exception of a merchant vessel of less than 200 GT, entered into an agreement with each sailor in which he entered and carried at sea as one of his crews. The agreement must cover the requirement for advances and allowances and other provisions that are not contrary to the rule of law. The master provided a copy of the agreement to the crew members. Any modification of a crew agreement is only valid if it is carried out with the agreement of all parties involved and must be validated by the ship`s captain in India or by an Indian consular officer outside India. B. After the first three original copies were taken on board the ship, two original copies will remain with the employer/employer representative.
The original 4th and 5th copies would not have signatures made by the master or sailor on board the ship. The fourth original copy is kept by the employer/employer representative. The last, the 5th original copy, is transmitted by the employer/employer as soon as possible and, in any event, no later than 48 hours of signing a sailor to the shipping company concerned to the ship`s master concerned. . The back of the articles often contained sections of federal legislation concerning the protection of U.S. vessels and the behaviour of U.S. vessels towards their crew members. The example shown here is typical of those used in the mid-19th century.
Your email address will not be published. Mandatory fields are marked – The items of the agreement must be dated in the prescribed and is dated at the time of the initial signing of the crew – before that it must be signed by the owner or agent – the master. There are 5 originals and 3 photocopies that would ultimately remain with individuals/organizations, as described below. Finally, it should be signed and stamped by an authorized signatory of the company to authenticate it, and also signed by the sailor. In the event of a dispute between the owner or agent and the captain of the ship and a sailor, such a dispute is referred to the next Indian consular officer and its decision is binding until the vessel returns to port in India where the sailor must be permanently dismissed.